Euripides (c. 480-406 B.C.) was born to a family that had an ancestral priesthood of Apollo Zosterios, and his home was at Phlya, east of Hymettus. He heard Anaxagoras, Prodicus and Protagoras in lectures and he was personally acquainted with Socrates. He competed for the first time at the Dionysia in 455 and won his first victory in 441 B.C. According to the Suda, he produced tragedies on 22 occasions (88 plays, if all were shown at the Dionysia) and wrote 92 plays; extant whole are only 19.
Having a withdrawn nature, he was a man of austerity, while his personal life was not a happy one. By the end of his life, he accepted an invitation to the court of King Archelaus in Macedonia, probably in 408 B.C., and within a year or so he died there.
It has been generally believed that Euripides was the child of the sophists, openly attacking and quietly sapping established religion if not ordinary morality. In his plays “the philosopher of the stage” reflects the tragedy of internal conflict and conveys in a unique way the diversity of passion and the wide range of human conscience.